Paul received his PhD (Chemistry) from the University of Otago in 1998. He has worked in the School of Chemistry at St Andrews from 1998 till the present and is now a Senior Research Fellow and Lecturer. His research has covered Lithium Batteries, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Solar collection, catalysis, as well as other general electrochemical projects. He has had two chapters in books, and has over 50 published papers. He is, and has been, a PI and CoI on multiple grants from RCUK and EU, worth well over £10 million. His teaching covers sustainability of energy, to “Fuels of the Future” and on to advanced solid state chemistry.